I’ve never seen an example of a pro game where someone spends a move to play 3-3 and defend their corner. Early on in games, it isn’t worth doing because you can usually get a strong group with influence on the sides if your opponent tries to jump into your corner. Later on, once a player does decide to reinforce a corner, it’s usually not with the 3-3 because it’s too slow.
Usually, if someone defends their corner, it’s with a 3-4 or a 3-5 stone in addition to a regular keima or ogeima enclosure. Compared to a 3-3, they give a bit more territory, and are the type of thing a good player can definitely defend, if their opponent tries to invade anyways.
Here’s a game with a good example for the 3-4 extension from the 4-4 to defend a corner: http://ps.waltheri.net/database/game/169/. This is more common on an ogeima (large knight’s) enclosure from the 4-4, since it’s a bit more solid, and the large knight is a bit of a looser extension.
Playing the 3-5 is a bit less secure, but it takes more territory. It’s more common for any enclosure, and is basically the only thing that’s seen on a keima enclosure. Here’s a game where someone plays it against Ke Jie. Now, Ke Jie is one of the most aggressive attacking players in modern Go, so he immediately invades anyways, but it’s a reasonable move, most of the time: http://ps.waltheri.net/database/game/72265/
Here’s a game where it shows up with the keima enclosure: http://ps.waltheri.net/database/game/74845/. A word of warning: that’s a Mi Yuting game. He’s one of the other most aggressive attacking players in modern Go. He does things that look absolutely awful, and then his opponents collapse when all of his awful barely alive-looking groups connect to form some kraken-esque super group that eats everything on the board. He does Go magic, basically. Being Mi Yuting, he makes a solid enclosure, and then decides to give up his entire corner territory to go attack something else. Had he wanted to, though, he could’ve easily taken all of his corner points, and there would’ve been nothing his opponent could’ve done to stop that.
In general, I’d recommend never playing the 3-3 to secure your corner. It’s, at best, a crutch to defend something you should be able to defend in a better way. You might win some games at your current level, but learning to defend a more proper corner enclosure, and learning how to take advantage of the situations in which your opponent is able to successfully invade you, will make you a better player in the long run.